#HazardSpotting is a community safety initiative that helps raise awareness about dangerous workplace safety violations. Our audience submits pictures, and we write an article with insight from featured safety professionals. This thirteenth post was spotted pretty close to home, and we were lucky to have a friend in the construction industry here in Brooklyn take a look and confirm our hazardous suspicions.
Just over a month ago, OSHA released their top 10 violations of 2013 and no one in the safety industry was surprised when fall protection topped it yet again. Our crack team of hazard spotters could tell you that would happen, just based on how often we see inadequate fall protection mentioned as a endemic and deadly problem on job sites. And recently we spotted the problem in action, right outside our own office windows here at MySafetySign on a sunny New York afternoon:
Fall protection on flat roofs can be a little more nuanced than low sloped or steep roof work, as outlined by the agency in 1926.501, “Duty to Have Fall Protection” (assuming this comes under the construction standards). Now, there have been a lot of nuanced examinations of roof work by safety professionals – not every worker that ascends to a finished roof needs to be always wearing a full fall arrest system. The agency has specified in interpretation letters that for some flat roof work, for instance servicing roof-top HVAC systems, there can be a “warning line” six feet back from the leading edge that prevents workers from getting anywhere near a potential fall zone.
As you can see above, the worker is doing some sort of repair or maintenance, involving some wiring between the rooftop and the doorway below. The video is only a fragment of his work time on the roof: in photos below, you can see him stepping over knee-high tripping hazards and leaning several times over the sides of the roof, which rises about two stories above the lower surface, which was also full of temporary construction materials.
Fall protection should be in use
But the fall protection kicks in for any work that’s not a “safe distance” from the edge of the roof, regardless of the pitch. We asked one of our contacts in the construction industry whether this worker has the protection of the parapet wall, but he surmised that the parapet here is less than 42 inches (it looks about two feet tall, at most) and that means it doesn’t count as fall protection.And of course, the protective properties of that parapet wall are negated if the worker has to reach out over them – that’s where we would expect the other fall protection options to be in use (probably a personal fall arrest system, or PFAS). “This guy may have thought the permanent parapet is solid enough for him to lean on,” our friend wondered, shaking his head, “but there’s literally nothing holding him in place if he leans too far out, that’s definitely not what they mean by safe distance.”
Trip hazards make things worse
There were also trip hazards present on the roof; several times, we watched this worker step over a knee-high rope going from the far edge of the roof to the center. It’s possible that this rope is part of a hoist system, and hoist points are another area that OSHA refers to as a “common hazard” for falls. As you can see, the rope extends the full length of the roof and is absolutely a trip hazard.These situations can go from casual repairs to dangerous hazards really quickly, and these are often the hardest problems to correct on the job site because workers are accustomed or complacent to doing what seem like easy, short-term tasks. But the fall risk is definitely there. We knew we had to call the Department of Buildings to report the danger, even though the work would probably be complete by the time an inspector came by to check out the potential violation.
Reassuringly, we did see this daredevil worker make it safely back inside the building after his ill-advised roof maneuvers. Unfortunately, that doesn’t always happen; over a third of the fatalities in construction alone, in 2012, were caused by falls, which are often caused by inadequate fall protection.
More about #HazardSpotting
Think you’ve seen an unsafe work condition? Whether it’s construction, manufacturing, or food safety, we’ll investigate the hazard. Snap a picture and share your story with us by sending an email to the editor at Krissa (at) SmartSign (dot) com. We’ll write a post and consult a safety expert.