Most commonly, the method of transmission is from contact with infected animals, or animal products, such as fur, hides or undercooked meat. Those most at-risk for contracting anthrax are people who work directly with animals, such as lab workers, livestock handlers, farmers, and veterinarians. An anthrax vaccine exists. If anthrax is contracted, early antibiotics treatment is essential to curing the disease.
The best way to prevent anthrax exposure in workers is to work with animals or animal products from the U.S., or to use imported products that have undergone proper inspection. A clean, well-ventilated working environment is essential to preventing anthrax exposure. Personal protective equipment, including a N-95 face mask, eye protection, and gloves, are all indicated.